The Apple of His Eye - Psalm 74The Apple of His Eye ... commentary of Psalm 74

The Apple of His Eye
… A commentary of Psalm 74

Verse Seventeen


Psalm 74:17 “Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter.”


“…the borders of the earth:”


Psalm 104:19: He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.”

The moon is appointed!

The operative word here is “appointed”.

Adjective:      Being in effect; having force; operating.

Adjective:      Functioning effectively; efficient.

Adjective:      Engaged in or concerned with physical or mechanical activity.

The Borders

The God of heaven and earth APPOINTS what is created!

The “earth” is appointed!

The “earth” has been marked off, and set by bounds, limits and borders by God.   God has also, imposed restraints and rules for this spherical ball called planet Earth.

God is unabashedly proclaimed by the record [the word God] the Creator of this whole thing called EARTH: Isaiah 40:28: “Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding.”

Remember, how God remanded Job in the book of Job, in chapter thirty-eight:

Verse four: “Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.” [Job 38:4]

The Earth


The foundation:


Skip to verse six: “Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;” [Job 38:6]

The foundation of the earth was fixed, and was set into the structure of our solar system.  The earth was placed as the third planet from our sun. 

Note: The earth is the largest of the terrestrial planets of our inner solar system that God has created by HIS divine design [larger than Mercury, Venus and Mars].

Now, for the measurements, we now go back to verse five: “Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?” [Job 38:5]

The measurements:

The radius of the earth at the equator is 3,963 miles, [according to NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center].  However, note this, the earth is not quite a sphere.

Explanation: The planet's rotation causes it to bulge a bit at the equator. Why? It is because the earth’s polar radius is 3,950 miles which is a difference of 13 miles.

“…stretched the line

God stretched a line upon it, the equatorial circumference of the earth being about 24,901 miles.  However, from pole-to-pole — the meridional circumference — the earth is only 24,860 miles around. This shape, caused by the flattening at the poles, is called an oblate spheroid.

The earth's density is 5.513 grams per cubic centimeter [according to NASA]. The earth is the densest planet in the solar system because of its metallic core and rocky mantle.  

[Jupiter, which is 318 times more massive than the earth, is less dense because it is made of gases, such as hydrogen.]

The earth’s mass is 6.6 sextillion tons. Its volume is about 260 billion cubic miles.

The Almighty GOD moved this the entire mass of the earth as if it is nothing

Consider it!  And listen to God’s answer to Job in the day of his trial.

We read hare in the book of Job, chapter thirty-eight, verses eight through eleven:

“Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,

And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,

And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?” [Job 38:8-11]

Thus, we have the borders of the earth set, or apportioned, between the land, sea and space.

Fact: The total surface area of the earth is about 197 million square miles, of which about 71 percent is covered by water and 29 percent by land.

The mountains were set by the Creator God: Job 39:8: “The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.”

In the postdiluvian world, God has set Mount Everest as the highest place on the earth above the sea at 29,028 feet. 

However, Mount Everest is not the highest point on the earth in reference to the center of the earth. That distinction belongs to Mount Chimborazo in the Andes Mountains of the country of Ecuador, [this according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration]. Although Chimborazo is about 10,000 feet shorter (relative to sea level) than Mount Everest, this mountain is about 6,800 feet farther into space because of the equatorial bulge.

The lowest point on Earth is Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific Ocean, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. It reaches down about 36,200 feet below sea level.

God has set the bounds for the oceans.  They are limited in their size and in their location.  “He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.”  [Job 26:10]

Turn to the First book of Moses called Genesis, chapter one, and we will read verse nine and ten to see the summation of the borders of the earth:

“And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.” [Genesis 1:9-10]

And thus, we finish our thought here: God has set the bounds, limits and borders to this earth and has imposed restraints, and has set rules for where mankind will live and have our being.

Data = https://www.space.com/


Our verse again: “Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter.”


“…summer and winter.”


After the world-wide flood (that destroyed all in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land [Genesis 7:22]), Noah built an altar unto the LORD, and the LORD promised in that day:

Genesis 8:22:While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.” 

What the LORD promised here after the Flood is rooted in the Creation week recorded in the First book of Moses called Genesis:

Genesis 1:14: “And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:”

The diurnal cycle [the night day division] provides time ticks and markers to demarcate the circuit of life here on this earth. 

Now, this circuit of life is dependent upon the circuit of Almighty God.  See it by the Spirit of God in the word of God in the book of Psalms, in Psalm nineteen, and in verse six:

 “His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.” [Psalm 19:6]

The circuit of life is interconnected to God’s circuit: [his circuit].


The Signs of Life

To reiterate:

1.       This circuit of life involves a path.

2.       This path is annotated with time ticks or markers.

3.       The time ticks or markers serve for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.

4.       The signs, seasons, days, and years show us where we are in life.

Here we need to read wisdom from one who had wisdom: Solomon, who had the word’s God scribed for all to read in a book called Ecclesiastes so that we all can be exercised.

Ecclesiastes 3:1-10:To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:

A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;

A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;

A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing;

A time to get, and a time to lose; a time to keep, and a time to cast away;

A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

A time to love, and a time to hate; a time of war, and a time of peace.

What profit hath he that worketh in that wherein he laboureth?

I have seen the travail, which God hath given to the sons of men to be exercised in it.”

God is the beginning and the end in the things appointed including their boundaries:

We close this commentary on this verse [verse seventeen] with this Scripture found in the book of the Acts of The Apostles, chapter seventeen:And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;” [Acts 17:26].